Passed in 1998, following the case of NuShawn Williams in New York State; 25 years maximum for nondisclosure of positive HIV status prior to sexual exposure or sharing needles; or for donating blood, tissue, semen, etc.
Criminalizes exposing someone to HIV through intimate contact without his or her explicit knowledge and consent. Transmission is not required.
Iowa Code 709C summary: A person commits criminal transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus if the person, knowing that his or her HIV status is positive, engages in intimate contact with another person. Exposing someone to HIV, whether or not the virus is transmitted, is a class “B” felony with up to 25 years in prison.
709C.1 CRIMINAL TRANSMISSION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.
1. A person commits criminal transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus if the person, knowing that the person's human immunodeficiency virus status is positive, does any of the following:
State Strategic Plan, Adapted from Coalition Plan to Repeal HIV Criminalization in Iowa developed by Advocacy Strategies 2012.
HIV criminal laws undermine relationships between public health officials