Concerned that prosecutions are not always guided by the best available scientific and medical evidence, 20 of the world’s leading HIV scientists developed an Expert Consensus Statement to address use of HIV science within the criminal justice system.
The Statement was written to assist scientific experts considering individual criminal cases, and to encourage governments and those working in the criminal justice system to make all efforts to ensure a correct and complete understanding of current scientific knowledge informs any application of the criminal law in cases related to HIV.

Paul hated taking pills. The sight of them made him retch, and it would take him hours to force down the pills that made up his treatment regimen. He would take them for months at a time but then tell me he needed a break. Once he could manage to think about swallowing pills again, he would restart his medications.

Be it further resolved that current criminal laws require modernization to eliminate HIV-specific statutes or application of general criminal law that treats HIV status, or the use of condoms or other measure to prevent HIV transmission, as the basis for criminal prosecution or sentence enhancement;

A growing body of evidence suggests that the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure, potential exposure and non-intentional transmission is doing more harm than good in terms of its impact on public health and human rights

The growing list of organizations that have called for the repeal and end of HIV Criminalization.

A Statement from The National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) that encourages local, state, and federal governments to demonstrate political will and leadership in opposing stigmatizing and punitive measures against persons with communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections, all forms of viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis.

The resolution adopted June 2013 by the 81st meeting of the US Conference of Mayors

Editorial from the Chief, Bureau of HIV, STD, and Hepatitis Iowa Department of Public Health calling for the repeal of HIV Criminalization in Iowa.

A statement from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) strongly supporting evidence-based prevention measures and interventions to reduce the spread of infectious diseases.

On March 15, 2014, the Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) published Prevalence and Public Health Implications of State Laws that Criminalize Potential HIV Exposure in the United States, AIDS and Behavior (“Article”).

A statement from the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (ANAC) advocates for public health policy grounded in evidence, human rights and the delivery of socially just health care. Current HIV criminalization laws and related policies promote discrimination and hinder HIV prevention, care and treatment.

The February 2016 resolution calling for the end of HIV Criminalization

The AMA resolution on Discrimination and Criminalization Based on HIV Seropositivity

A statement from Housing Works which supports evidence-based HIV prevention interventions that encourage community empowerment, safety, and self-determination. HIV criminalization statutes – “laws that create HIV specific crimes or which increase penalties for persons who are HIV positive and convicted of criminal offenses” – do not fall within such a continuum of prevention.

A statement from the The National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD), the organization which represents the public health officials that administer state and territorial HIV/AIDS and adult viral hepatitis prevention and care programs nationwide is gravely concerned about the corrosive impact of sustained stigma and
discrimination on state, federal and local efforts to combat HIV/AIDS in the United States.