This review focuses on stigma as an impediment to health and specifies HIV characteristics among all medical conditions. The impact is detailed according to impacted sphere: public health priority (screening, adherence) psychosocial vulnerabilities (comorbidities) and institutional challenges (stigma in healthcare). 

Stigma affects both public health priorities (screening, adherence) and the wellbeing of people living with HIV. The difficulty in building tailored intervention targeting cultural and/or local preoccupations remains an impediment to public health improvement. However, providers should be able to offer support and counselling services at the earliest opportunity, empowering people living with HIV.

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