Toolkits

HIV CRIMINALIZATION IN CANADA: Key Trends and Patterns

HIV CRIMINALIZATION IN CANADA: Key Trends and Patterns

In Canada, people living with HIV can be charged and prosecuted for not disclosing their HIV-positive status to their sexual partners (a phenomenon referred to in this short report as “HIV criminalization”). In 1998, in R. v. Cuerrier, the Supreme Court of Canada...

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STIs/HIV Stigma and Health: A short review

STIs/HIV Stigma and Health: A short review

This review focuses on stigma as an impediment to health and specifies HIV characteristics among all medical conditions. The impact is detailed according to impacted sphere: public health priority (screening, adherence) psychosocial vulnerabilities (comorbidities) and...

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HIV Criminalization Reform Data

HIV Criminalization Reform Data

Know the FACTS about Criminalization Reform progress - From 2013 to 2015, at least 104 prosecutions took place in the US under HIV criminalization laws. The US is 2nd in the world in prosecutions; prosecuting more people under HIV criminalization laws than any country...

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Advancing HIV Justice 2

Advancing HIV Justice 2

Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, policymakers and politicians have been tempted to punish those of us with, and at risk of, HIV. Sometimes propelled by public opinion, sometimes themselves noxiously propelling public opinion, they have tried to find in...

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Beyond Blame

Beyond Blame

HIV criminalisation is a growing, global phenomenon with profound negative effects on public health as well as human rights. HIV criminalisation represents a serious barrier to scaling up the HIV response; and yet the practice is rarely given the attention and...

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All Pain No Gain: HIV Criminalization in Pennsylvania

All Pain No Gain: HIV Criminalization in Pennsylvania

HIV Criminalization is the use of one’s HIV positive status in a criminal prosecution, either under HIV-specific criminal statutes that apply only to people living with HIV, or under general criminal statutes where charges or punishments are initiated or heightened...

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HIV Criminalization California update June 2016

HIV Criminalization California update June 2016

HIV criminalization is a term used to describe statutes that either criminalize otherwise legal conduct or that increase the penalties for illegal conduct based upon a person’s HIV-positive status. While only one HIV criminalization law can be found in federal law,...

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10 Reasons to Oppose Criminalizing HIV

10 Reasons to Oppose Criminalizing HIV

The push to apply criminal law to HIV exposure and transmission is often driven by the wish to respond to serious concerns about the ongoing rapid spread of HIV in many countries, coupled by what is perceived to be a failure of existing HIV prevention efforts. These...

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Phillips 2016 HIV Nurses Knowledge

Phillips 2016 HIV Nurses Knowledge

HIV is a reportable communicable disease in North America; however, some nurses are confused about the extent of their professional obligations regarding a duty to protect population health. Nurses’ uncertainties can be related to whether they have a “duty to warn”...

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Richardson 2016 HIV Laws

Richardson 2016 HIV Laws

Recently, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) organizations have made a push to either repeal or amend laws criminalizing the transmission of HIV. Certain AIDS organizations argue that if a law exists criminalizing HIV transmission, it should be limited solely...

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Turning the Tide

Turning the Tide

In the decades since it first appeared in the United States, HIV has gone from amysterious and terrifying death sentence to a preventable, manageable chronic condition. Until 2014, Iowa’s HIV criminalization law was one of the most draconian in thecountry, carrying a...

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UNDP Guidance for Prosecutors on HIV-Related Criminal Cases

UNDP Guidance for Prosecutors on HIV-Related Criminal Cases

In many jurisdictions around the world, people living with HIV face criminal prosecution if accused of transmitting HIV, exposing another person to a potential or perceived risk of HIV infection, or not disclosing their HIV-positive status (e.g. to a sexual partner)....

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